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Service Animal Laws for Ontario Workplaces

Under the Customer Service Standard of the AODA, service providers’ policies must state that they welcome service animals. Service animals are animals, typically dogs, trained to help people with disabilities maintain independence. Here we outline service animal laws that service providers must follow.

Service Animal Laws in Ontario

All service providers that operate premises open to the public, or to third parties that serve the public, must welcome service animals. They must allow customers with disabilities to keep their service animals with them anywhere they need to go, except in places where the law excludes service animals.

Identification

There are two ways that service providers can tell whether or not a customer’s animal is a service animal:

  1.  It is visibly apparent that the customer requires the animal for reasons relating to disability; or
  2. the customer provides an identification card, or a letter from a healthcare practitioner, confirming that the customer requires the animal for reasons relating to a disability

Service animals and support animals

Service animals have training to perform specific tasks for people with disabilities. Emotional support animals provide comfort and security. However, they do not have training for specific tasks. Therefore, emotional support animals do not qualify as service animals under the AODA. Service providers are not required to allow support animals on their premises. Providers may ask for proof that a customer’s animal is a service animal, unless it is visibly obvious that the person has a disability and is relying on the animal. For instance, if a dog is clearly guiding a customer who is blind, providers should know without asking that this animal is a guide dog.

Limitations and exceptions

All service providers must welcome service animals, with a few food-related exceptions. Some places, such as food manufacturers, may be exempt from allowing service animals in certain areas. However, sometimes a customer who uses a service animal may want or need to access a location that the public can enter but where service animals are not legally permitted. In these instances, service providers must offer alternative accommodations so that the customer can access the service usually offered in that location. Providers may serve the customer in a location open to the animal. Alternatively, providers may serve the customer in the location where the animal is not allowed. In this situation, the animal may rest in a different area while a staff member performs the animal’s usual tasks.

Service providers must follow the above service animal laws. Otherwise, they are obstructing the law and penalties may occur. By welcoming service animals, providers are also showing their commitment to serving all customers.